Power-Sharing as The Key of Secessionist Conflict Resolution in Developing Democratic Countries

Wasisto Raharjo Jati

Abstract


This article explains how power-sharing could determine conflict resolution in developing states, particularly in developing countries. This scheme offers a win-win solution between state actors and the separatist movements to curb conflict and initiate peace-building at the grassroots level. Using a quantitative analysis that employed datasets from Power-Sharing Event Dataset (PSED) and Implementation of Pacts Dataset (IMPACT), this article notably reveals two important findings. First, the most promising power-sharing schemes are territorial and political power-sharing. Furthermore, the preliminary talk about ideal power-sharing consensus between the state actors and rebel groups is important to determine the outcome of power-sharing policies. Finally, this article concludes that the state capacity shows the final conflict resolution. Strong states can manage ethnic conflict, while weak state capacity could exacerbate the ethnic conflict.


Keywords


power sharing, political power sharing, territorial reform / territorial sharing, state capacity

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.7454/jp.v7i2.451

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