Power-Sharing as The Key of Secessionist Conflict Resolution in Developing Democratic Countries
This article explains how power-sharing could determine conflict resolution in developing states, particularly in developing countries. This scheme offers a win-win solution between state actors and the separatist movements to curb conflict and initiate peace-building at the grassroots level. Using a quantitative analysis that employed datasets from Power-Sharing Event Dataset (PSED) and Implementation of Pacts Dataset (IMPACT), this article notably reveals two important findings. First, the most promising power-sharing schemes are territorial and political power-sharing. Furthermore, the preliminary talk about ideal power-sharing consensus between the state actors and rebel groups is important to determine the outcome of power-sharing policies. Finally, this article concludes that the state capacity shows the final conflict resolution. Strong states can manage ethnic conflict, while weak state capacity could exacerbate the ethnic conflict.
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