Peran Partai Oposisi di Parlemen Pasca Pemilu Presiden 2014

Tuswoyo Admojo

Abstract


The existence of opposition party in Indonesian parliament after the reform era has been taking place since 2004, precisely since Megawati Sukarnoputri lost the presidential election and then declared herself and her party, Indonesian Democratic Party –Struggle (PDI-P) as an opposition party. After that, PDI-P attempts to perform as a functioning opposition to criticize the government's policies in about ten years. Then, the candidates proposed mainly by PDI-P, eventually won the 2014 presidential election by overcoming the other candidates, Prabowo Subianto-Hatta Rajasa. After the defeat, Prabowo-Hatta formed the Red and White Coalition (RWC) to maintain their opposition to Joko Widodo-Jusuf Kalla government. Meanwhile, the current president is supported by the parties known as the Outstanding Indonesia Coalition (OIC). Although in their early existence, the coalition of opposition parties succeeded in  conducting some roles, nevertheless the coalition cannot run their roles well. This article tries to answer the question of why the opposition parties cannot run their roles as opposition well after the 2014 Presidential Election. This article is written based on research applying qualitative approach. This article finds that the lack of oppositional roles is due to two reasons: the policy blind coalitions model used by the opposition parties and internal conflict of some political parties in the coalition.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Anantanyu, Sapja. 2011. “Kelembagaan Petani: Peran dan Strategi Pengembangan Kapasitasnya.” SEPA, 7 (2): 102-109.

Apter, E. David. 1987. Politics of Modernization. terj. Hermawan Sulisto dan Wardah Hafidz. Jakarta: Gramedia.

Aspinall, Edward. 1996. “The Broadening Base of Political Opposition in Indonesia” dalam Political Oppositions in Industrialising Asia, ed. Garry Rodan. London: Routledge.

Beritabuana.co. 2014. “Sikap Gerinda Soal Kenaikan Harga BBM, Melempem.” 22 November. nasional.sindonews.com/... (4 Maret 2016).

Bima, Aria. 2009. Interupsi untuk Rakyat Aria Bima di DPR RI Senayan dalam Rekaman Media Massa. Jogjakarta: Pustaka Dunia Buku.

Bourchier, David. 2000. “Pemerintah Peralihan Habibie: Reformasi, Pemilihan Umum, Regionalisme, dan Pergulatan Meraih Kekuasaan, dalam Indonesia di Tengah Transisi: Aspek-aspek Sosial dari Reformasi dan Krisis, ed. Chris Manning dan Peter van Diermen. Yogyakarta: LKiS.

Budiman, Arief. 2001. “Mengkaji Gerakan Pro-Demokrasi di Indonesia” dalam Aktor Demokrasi: Catatan tentang Gerakan Perlawanan di Indonesia, ed. Arief Budiman dan Olle Torquist. Jakarta: Institut Studi Arus Informasi.

CNN Indonesia. 2014. “Sikap Kader PDI-P Tolak BBM Naik Dinilai Aneh.” 6 November. www.cnnindonesia.com/.../20141106145717... (4 Maret 2016).

Daalder, Hans. 1965. “The Netherlands: Opposition in a Segmented Society” dalam Political Opposition in Western Democracies. Ed. Robert A. Dahl. New Haven and London: Yale University Press.

Dahl, A. Robert (Ed.). 1965. Political Opposition in Western Democracies. New Haven and London: Yale University Press.

__________________. 1971. Polyarchy: Participation and Opposition. New Haven: Yale University Press.

Deliarnov. 2006. Ekonomi Politik: Mencakup Berbagai Teori dan Konsep yang Komprehensif, Jakarta: Penerbit Erlangga.

Diamond, Larry dan Marc F. Plattner (Eds.). 1993. The Global Resurgence of Democracy. Baltimore and London: Johns Hopkins University Press.

Diamond, Larry. 1999. Developing Democracy toward Consolidation. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.

Dix, Robert H. 1966. Latin America: Oppositions and Development. New Haven: Yale University Press.

Feith, Herbert. 2006. The Decline of Constitutional Democracy in Indonesia. New York: Cornell University Press.

Ghoffar, Abdul. 2009. Perbandingan Kekuasaan Presiden Indonesia Setelah Perubahan UUD 1945 dengan Delapan Negara Maju. Jakarta: Kencana Prenada Media Group.

Hadiwinoto, Bob Sugeng. 2005. “Civil Society: Pembangunan dan Sekaligus Perusak Demokrasi.” Jurnal Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, 9 (1): 1-24.

Haris, Syamsuddin. 2009. “Dilema Presidensialisme di Indonesia Pasca Orde Baru dan Urgensi Penataan Kembali Relasi Presiden-DPR”, dalam Sistem Presidensial & Sosok Presiden Ideal. Eds. Moch.Nurhasim dan Ikrar Nusa Bhakti. Jakarta: Pustaka Pelajar dan AIPI.

Huntington, Samuel P. 1991. The Third Wave Democratization in The Late Twentieth Century. A. Setiawan Abadi (terj.). Jakarta: PT Pustaka Utama Grafitti.

__________________. 2003. Political Order in The Changing Societies. Sahat Simamora dan Suratin (terj.). Jakarta: PT. RajaGrafindo Persada.

J.A., Denny. 2006. Various Topics in Comparative Politics. Yogyakarta: LKiS.

Beritabuana.co. 2014. “Sikap Gerinda Soal Kenaikan Harga BBM, Melempem.” 22 November. nasional.sindonews.com/... (4 Maret 2016).

Kompas.com. 2008. “DPR Bisa Bongkar Perdagangan BBM Hak Angket Bukan untuk Pemakzulan Presiden.”26 Juli. http://cetak.kompas.com/read/xml/2008/06/26/0217568/ (3 Maret 2016).

Kompas.com. 2014. “Aburizal, Kenaikan Harga BBM Ujian Pertama Jokowi-JK.” 10 Oktober. nasional.kompas.com/.../2014/.../ (4 Maret 2016).

Kompas.com. 2014. “Setelah KMP Kuasai Parlemen.” 10 Oktober. nasional.kompas.com/read/2014/10/11/... (12 Desember 2015).

Kompas.com. 2014. “Aburizal: Kenaikan Harga BBM Ujian Pertama Jokowi-JK.” 24 Oktober. http://nasional.kompas.com/read/2014/10/24/18171001/Aburizal.Kenaikan.Harga.BBM.Ujian.Pertama.Jokowi-JK (12 Desember 2015).

Kompas.com. 2014. “KIH Ingin Pembagian Proporsional Kursi Pimpinan.” 1 November. nasional.kompas.com/.../2014/11/.../ (10 Desember 2015).

Kompas.com. 2015. “DPR Berikan “Angin Sejuk” Untuk Badrodin Haiti Menjadi.” 6 April. nasional.kompas.com/.../2015/.../ (21 Desember 2015).

Kompas.com. 2015. “Aburizal: KMP Anggap R-APBN 2016 Kurang Pro Rakyat.” 28 Oktober. nasional.kompas.com/... (10 Desember 2015).

Kompas. 2016. “Presiden-DPR Tunda Revisi UU KPK.” 23 Februari. print.kompas.com/2016/02/23/ (4 Maret 2016).

Kompas. 2016. “Presiden-DPR Pahami Rakyat.” 23 Februari. print.kompas.com/2016/02/23/. (4 Maret 2016).

Liddle, R. William. 2001. “Pengantar: Mengukir Demokrasi Indonesia”, dalam Ikrar Nusa Bhakti, Riza Sihbudi (ed.), Menjauhi Demokrasi Kaum Penjahat: Belajar dari Kekeliruan Negara-negara lain, Mizan LIPI-Ford Foundation, Bandung.

Lijphart, Arend. 1999. Democracies: Patterns of Majoritarian and Consensus Government in Twenty-One Century. New Haven dan London: Yale University Press.

Lipson, Leslie.1964. The Democratic Civilization, New York, Oxford University Press.

Mandak, Fanni & Peter Smuk. 2012. “Institutionalization of Parlimentary Opposition: Comparative Analysis of European Case Studies.” paperroom.ipsa.org/papers/paper_14594.pdf (3 Maret 2016).

Marsh, David dan Gerry Stoker. 2002. Teori dan Metode dalam Ilmu Politik. Helmi Mahadi dan Shohifullah (terj.). Bandung: Nusamedia.

Prayudi, 2014. “Hubungan DPR RI- Pemerintah dan Penguatan Demokrasi Konsensus.” November. http://berkas.dpr.go.id/puslit/files/info_singkat/Info%20Singkat-VI-21-I-P3DI-November-2014-3.pdf (2 Maret 2016).

Republika.co.id. 2014. “Pimpinan DPR Harus Tengahi Konflik Dua Koalisi.” 30 Oktober. republika.co.id › News › Nasional. (10 Desember 2015).

Republika.co.id. 2015. “Lima kesalahan Jokowi dalam Kasus Polri vs KPK.” 8 Februari. www.republika.co.id › News › Nasional (17 Desember 2015).

Rothstein, Bo. 1982. “Political Institutions: An Overview” dalam A New Handbook of Political Science. Eds. Robert E. Goodin dan Hans-Dieter Klingemann. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Romli, Lili dan Mahrus Irsyam. 2003. Menggugat Partai Politik. Jakarta: Lab Ilmu Politik FISIP UI.

Sastroamidjojo, Ali. 1974. Tonggak-tonggak Sejarah Perjuangan. Jakarta: PT. Kinta.

Sindonews.com. 2014. “Pernyataan Sikap Bersama: Rejim Jokowi Semakin Keji

dan Brutal Terhadap Aksi-Aksi Rakyat.” 22 November. nasional.sindonews.com/.../ (4 Maret 2016).

Suara Pembaruan. 2014. “Inilah Penyebab Partai Demokrat Anjlok.” 13 Februari. sp.beritasatu.com/home (4 Maret 2016).

Suara Pembaruan. 2015. “Setahun Pemerintahan Jokowi-JK, Politik Terkonsolidasi.” 20 Oktober. suarapembaruan.com/home/ (12 Desember 2015).

Subekti, Valina Singka. 2008. Menyusun Konstitusi Transisi: Pergulatan Kepetingan dan Pemikiran dalam Proses Perubahan UUD 1945. Jakarta: Rajawali Press.

Thohari, Hajriyanto Y. 2010. “Partai Politik Sistem Pemerintahan dan Oposisi.” www.academia.edu/ (15 Desember 2015).

Tribunnews.com. 2014.“Pernyataan Terbuka Elite KMP dalam Beroposisi.” 3 September. www.tribunnews.com/nasional (16 Desember 2015).

Uhlin, Anders. 1998. Oposisi Berserak: Arus Deras Demokratisasi Gelombang Ketiga di Indonesia. Bandung: Mizan.

Wahman, Michael. 2011. “Policy Blind Coalition: the Case of Kenya.” www.academia.edu/.../ (22 Desember 2015).




DOI: https://doi.org/10.7454/jp.v1i2.18

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c)