Pengaruh Institusi Regional Terhadap Konvergensi Kebijakan Antarnegara: Studi Kasus ASEAN Open Skies

Dea Malinda Azalia

Abstract


Penelitian ini menganalisis pengaruh institusi regional terhadap konvergensi kebijakan antar negara melalui kesepakatan ASEAN Open Skies, khususnya di Indonesia, Filipina, dan Singapura. Untuk dapat menjelaskan hal tersebut, penelitian kualitatif ini menggunakan konsep institusi regional intergovernmentalist-supranationalist dan causal-mechanism yang dapat menyebabkan konvergensi kebijakan antarnegara. Penulis berargumen bahwa karakteristik regionalisme ASEAN sebagai institusi yang intergovernmentalist berpengaruh terhadap pengambilan keputusan dan pengimplementasian ASEAN Open Skies di tingkat regional serta memengaruhi pengadopsian kebijakan di lingkup domestik. Adanya proses international harmonization dan transnational communication (transnational problem solving) dalam penyusunan kerangka kesepakatan kerjasama jasa angkutan udara di ASEAN telah mengakibatkan kebijakan domestik di Indonesia, Filipina, dan Singapura menjadi semakin selaras (konvergen). 


Keywords


ASEAN; integrasi ekonomi; konvergensi kebijakan; Open Skies; regionalisme

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.7454/jp.v2i2.120

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